November 19, 2012

The Best High Speed Rail in the World: China!

Last column I spoke of riding Japan’s Shinkansen, the oldest true high-speed rail (HSR) system in the world.  This week, the story of the newest and biggest HSR… China.
Much has been written of the tragic accident in July 2011 when two Chinese trains collided killing 40 and injuring almost 200.  A recent New Yorker article detailed the incident as an example of shoddy Chinese engineering and political corruption, which it was.
But that incident notwithstanding, in less than a decade China has built the biggest and best HSR network in the world, and it only cost a quarter trillion dollars.  I just had to ride it, and did last month.
China's newest HSR at Beijing station.
Our train from Beijing (population 19 million) to Shanghai (23 million) covered the distance of 819 miles in five hours.  That’s an average speed of 164 mph.  Even Amtrak’s Acela takes 6 hours and 40 minutes to sprint from DC to Boston, a distance of only 448 miles, or an average speed of less than 70 mph.
Acela carries 300 passengers on one train per hour.  The Chinese HSR carries 1,050 passengers per train and offers four to six trains an hour.
Acela rides on improved track on a 100-year-old right-of-way with tracks mounted on ties sitting on rock ballast.  The Chinese train rides a dedicated right-of-way with tracks affixed to a cement roadbed, like a highway.  The smoothness of the ride was amazing.
Cafe Car on Chinese High Speed Train
This single line between Beijing and Shanghai was estimated to cost $32 billion, but it’s anyone’s guess what the real cost was, given the rampant corruption. But to my Western eyes, it’s amazing what a totalitarian regime can do, unencumbered by environmental impact studies and private property rights.  This is truly the best HSR in the world.
The Maglev
While in Shanghai I also rode the world’s only commercial maglev train:  not steel wheels on tracks, but a magnetic floating train on a guideway.  The line is only 19 miles long, running from the airport to the southern edge of the city.  But at full speed of 268 mph (which my run did not achieve) the Shanghai Maglev is the world's fastest train in regular commercial service… faster even than the Chinese HSR.
Oh, it was fast.  But it wasn’t smooth.  And running only to the edge of the city and not downtown, it is ridden mostly by tourists and rail fans.  The few passengers on our mid-day run were all in the second class cars.  Why pay for first class on an 8 minute ride?
The builder, Transrapid, pretty much gave away the construction for just $1 billion, to use the Shanghai system as a showcase of the technology.  Though a 34-mile extension from the international airport (Pudong) to the domestic airport (Hongqaio) is planned, that’s about all we can expect.
Maglev is interesting, but its incompatibility with existing tracks and the requirement for its own dedicated, unique tracks make the technology unattractive, especially given the advances in conventional railroading.
What can we in the US learn from China’s great leaps forward in railroading?  Not much, aside from what is possible technologically.  In this country we have neither the will nor the money to ever build such a railroad.
In transportation at least, China is the future.  The US is a third world nation.


Unknown said...

Jim Cameron quoted: "What can we in the US learn from China’s great leaps forward in railroading? Not much, aside from what is possible technologically. In this country we have neither the will nor the money to ever build such a railroad. In transportation at least, China is the future. The US is a third world nation." Thank you for your recent post on rail traveling in China. Although what you said regarding the U.S.'s ability to replicate the Marxist government's ability to design, build, and maintain advanced rail infrastructure on a massive scale is true, I for one still have hope that our society would one day wake up from its collective stupor and realize that it's no longer sustainable to continue funding and building new roads, highways and airports without weighing in the consequences that our wasteful habits have upon both the natural environment and public health. In addition, one of the ways that this downward spiral could stop would depend upon a generation of enterprising young people who would possess the necessary vision, drive, experience and know-how to get things done.


On December 26, 2012 the Chinese will open the longest high-speed rail line in the world: 2300 km from Beijing to Guangzhou. What was a 22 hour train journey will now be eight hours.


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